Cookies policy

Use of cookies

A cookie is a small data set that is saved on your device. It contains data such as personal page settings and logon information. This data set is created by the web server that your web browser has established a connection to, and this data set is then sent to you. In general, we use cookies to analyse the interest in our websites as well as to improve the user friendliness of our websites. You can also access our websites without cookies as a matter of principle. If you would like to conveniently use our websites to their full extent, you should, however, accept the cookies which enable the use of certain functions, or which make use more convenient. MAN uses cookies to make its website more user-friendly, more effective and more secure. Our cookies contain no information related to specific persons.

If your browser settings are set to accept cookies, with the use of our websites you consent to the use of these cookies. Most browsers are set to accept all cookies by default. You have the option, however, of configuring your browser so that cookies are displayed before they are saved, or so that only certain cookies are accepted or rejected, or so that cookies are rejected in general.

We would like to point out that changes to settings only apply to the respective browser. If you use different browsers or change to a different device, the settings must be configured again. You can also delete the cookies from your storage medium at any time. Please refer to your web browser’s help function for information regarding cookie settings and how to change them, and also regarding the deletion of cookies.

The following is a list of the most common types of cookies and their purpose.

Session cookies
Whilst you are active on a website, a session cookie is temporarily stored in the memory of your computer. Here, a session ID is saved so that, for example, you do not have to log in again each time you change webpage. Session cookies are deleted when you log out or their validity expires as soon as your session has automatically expired.

SESSION_COOKIE is the PHP session cookie.

agreeCookies is a flag to say if you have agreed to the cookies bar or not.

Persistent or protocol cookies
A persistent or protocol cookie stores a file on your computer for the duration defined by the file's expiration date. Due to these cookies, websites remember your information and settings for your next visit. This results in faster and more convenient access as you do not need to configure your language settings for our portal again, for example. Once the expiry date has elapsed, the cookie is automatically deleted when you visit the website that created it.

First-party cookies
These are set by the website itself (same domain as in the address bar of the browser) and can only be read by this website. These cookies are generally used to save information (e.g. your settings) which is then used when you next visit the website.

Third-party cookies
Third-party cookies come from other providers than the operator of the website. They can be used, for example, to gather information for advertising, user-defined content and web statistics.

Google Analytics

Our website uses Google Analytics, a web analysis service of Google Inc. ("Google"). Google Analytics also uses cookies. This involves cookies from Google itself (Google Analytics cookies) and so-called third party provider cookies (double click cookies). The information on how you use our website (including your IP address) gathered by the cookies is transmitted to a Google Inc. server in the USA and saved there. Google will use this information for the purpose of evaluating your use of the website for us, compiling reports on website activity for us and for providing other services relating to website activity and internet usage, in particular functions for display advertising, such as remarketing, reports on impressions in the Google display network, the integration of double click campaign managers or Google Analytics reports for service in accordance with demographic characteristics and interests. Google may also transfer this information to third parties where required to do so by law, or where such third parties process this data on Google's behalf. Google will never associate your IP address with any other data held by Google.

By using this website, you consent to the processing of data collected about you by Google in the manner described and for the purposes set out above. We would like to point out that to improve data protection, our website uses Google Analytics with the extension "anonymizeIp()” so that IP addresses are only logged and processed further in abbreviated form to prevent them being directly linked to a particular individual during the analysis of the use of our website. You may refuse the use of Google Analytics cookies by selecting the extension of your browser. By doing so, you can exercise your right to reject data collection, processing and use by Google Analytics with future effect. You can install a deactivation add-on on your browser from Google Analytics for this purpose. This prevents Google Analytics from saving information about your website visits.

You can find further information as well as information on downloading and installing this deactivation add-on at

Alternatively, and in addition for users with mobile devices, you can use the opt-out cookie. You can use this link and then a cookie will be set, meaning that your activity will no longer be logged by Google Analytics. Click hereto opt out of logging by Google Analytics.

You can deactivate Google Analytics for display advertising and adapt the adverts in the Google display network by accessing the advert settings:

Google DoubleClick

DoubleClick by Google is a service provided by Google Inc., 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA ("Google"). DoubleClick by Google uses cookies to present adverts that are relevant to you. Here, a pseudonymous identification number (ID) is assigned to your browser to check which adverts were shown on your browser, and which adverts were called up. The cookies contain no personal data. The use of DoubleClick cookies only enables Google and its partner websites to place adverts on the basis of previous visits to our or other websites on the internet. The information generated by the cookies is transferred by Google to a server in the USA for analysis, and saved there. Data will only be transferred by Google to third parties due to legal requirements or as part of contract data processing. Google will not, under any circumstances, link your data with other data captured by Google.

By using our websites, you consent to the processing of data collected about you by Google, as well as to data processing in the manner described above, and for the purpose stated. You can prevent the saving of cookies by configuring the settings of your browser software accordingly; we would like to point out, however, that in this case you may not be able to use all the functions of our websites to their full extent. Furthermore, you can prevent the capture of the data created by the cookies and data related to your use of the websites being sent to Google, as well as the processing of this data by Google, by downloading and installing the browser plug-in available under the following link under the DoubleClick deactivation add-on item. Alternatively, you can deactivate the DoubleClick cookies on the Digital Advertising Alliance webpage under the following link.

Google reCaptcha

This page uses reCaptcha, a service from Google Inc.,1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA (Google), for security purposes. This service determines whether the entries made on an internet form have been entered by a person or entered fraudulently by automated machine processing. Here, your previously truncated IP address and any other data required for the service are transferred to Google. The full IP address is only transmitted to a Google server in the USA and truncated there in exceptional cases. Any data transmitted by your browser as part of reCaptcha is not combined with any other Google data. You can find further information on Google’s data privacy policies at:

Integration of social media plug-ins (Facebook, Twitter)

Plug-ins are computer programs that are integrated into another software product, such as a website, and which thereby expand its functionality. Almost all of the plug-ins currently present on the market are developments from operators of social media networks. The basic functionality of these networks is to provide users with an interaction and communication platform which is usually free.

The integration of social media plug-ins, however, leads to your IP address and other transaction data (generally date, time, URL address and browser) being captured by these services just through you calling up the page in question – without having clicked on a plug-in. This is the case for both registered users of the service in question, as well as visitors to the website who are not registered with the applicable service with an account, and therefore with acceptance of the corresponding conditions of use. Social media plug-ins also generally use cookies (see point d) to identify visitors to a website. These cookies are saved on your local drive by the website visited, and called up when you visit the webpage again. The IDs of these cookies are transferred automatically to the servers of the respective service upon every visit to a website with the corresponding plug-in, even without active use of the plug-in. Due to the linking of the individual cookie ID with the websites accessed in the past, it is possible to monitor browsing behaviour (profiling). Through the collection of the transaction data mentioned above, it would be possible, for example, to determine how long the user with that cookie spent on which website. In this way, social media services would be able to log your activities on the internet.

To prevent this, and to better protect your privacy, our website uses the 2-click method, an initiative from (you can also find further information there). Our website only embeds deactivated buttons, which do not establish contact with the services belonging to the social plug-ins, and therefore cannot pass on any data when our websites are called up.

Only when you click on one of the buttons will you activate it, and agree to communication with Facebook or Twitter. With a second click, you can then immediately share content. If you are already logged in with one of the social networks whose social plug-in you would like to use, this takes place for Facebook without another window appearing. For Twitter, a pop-up window appears in which you can still edit the text of the tweet.

If you decide to activate and use a social plug-in, inform yourself beforehand of how the respective provider handles your data and what their data privacy policy is (

Note: The activation of the buttons only applies for the page called up and the selected service.

You can also permanently activate the consent buttons under Settings (click on the gearwheel icon). Simply tick the corresponding box(es) to activate your social networks. You can, of course, also withdraw this automatic feature at any time via the gearwheel icon.

The following is a brief description of the social media plug-ins integrated on our page.


Facebook is a social network of Facebook Ireland Limited (Hanover Reach, 5-7 Hanover Quay, Dublin 2 Ireland). We have incorporated different Facebook functions on our website (such as “like”, “share”). Facebook functions are identified by the Facebook logo. Depending on the type of function, other functions can be added (for example, “like”, “recommend”). You can tell your Facebook friends and Facebook users which articles you like/recommend using the “like” button. If, as a Facebook user, you have added the Facebook recommendations bar to your Facebook applications, you automatically publish your reading activity on Facebook in your newsfeed and your timeline as soon as the recommendations bar on our website opens. On Facebook, the people that you authorised when the application was installed then learn which of our articles you are currently reading, or which content on our website you are using. You can remove the individual entries as well as the application itself at any time again on Facebook. Users’ Facebook “likes” are also synchronised with the contributions and articles on our page, as long as the user is logged on to our website via Facebook. Through the integration of the Facebook button on our webpage, a direct connection is established by your browser or the application with the Facebook servers, and the button for the applicable Facebook function loaded from there. As already mentioned at the start, here information is transferred to Facebook, for example, that the internet page in question has been called up or that a particular service has been used. If you actively use a Facebook function yourself, such as clicking on the “like” button, it is possible that Facebook processes other data, including personal data. In this way, Facebook can, for example, place a cookie, which it can use to detect that you have already used the “like” button in the past on other internet sites that also have integrated Facebook buttons. If you, as a Facebook user, are logged in to Facebook at the same time, it is also possible to assign the accessing of the page to your Facebook profile. If you click on integrated Facebook buttons and log in to Facebook afterwards (or you are already logged in), the “liked” or “recommended” information can be published in a short form on Facebook in your profile and your timeline, for example. In this way, Facebook can therefore possibly collect and save further usage data. This may result in Facebook user profiles which extend beyond what you reveal on Facebook yourself. If you have not deactivated the embedded social plug-ins but would still like to prevent Facebook assigning your visit to our website to your Facebook user account, please log out of your Facebook user account before you visit our website. You can find out which data Facebook collects in detail for its own purposes in Facebook’s data privacy policy; there, you can also find further information on data collection and processing by Facebook and on your related rights. Facebook’s data privacy policy can be accessed here:


Twitter is a micro blogging service from the American company Twitter, Inc. (795 Folsom St., Suite 600, San Francisco, CA 94107). Through the Twitter button, a direct connection is also established from your browser to the servers of Twitter and the button loaded from there. In the process, information is transferred to Twitter that the applicable internet page has been called up. Even if you are not logged in, this means Twitter can possibly collect and also save usage data. If you click on the Twitter buttons and “tweet” information via the Twitter window that opens, you transfer the tweeted information to Twitter. This information is then published on your Twitter user profile. Further information on data collection, and the evaluation and processing of your data by Twitter, as well as your related rights, can be found in Twitter’s data privacy policy, which can be found here:

Use of GeoLite2 and GeoIP2 database for geolocation

The GeoLite2 or the GeoIP2 database is used on this website; this is provided by the provider MaxMind Inc. and hosted at MAN or third-party providers. In the GeoLite2 or GeoIP2 database, approximate location/geolocation data, based on the country from which the IP address originates, are assigned to the IP addresses used. To improve the search results, provide you with more appropriate information and to preset website configurations, which will make your visit to our sites more enjoyable (e.g. language settings), more specifically adapted to you your country of origin will be transmitted with your IP address via the GeoLite2 or GeoIP2 database. No personal data will be passed on to third parties during this process.